An educational series of the cultural guides of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque with the title of the first workshop: The development of architecture and the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque.
By Dr. Murad Rammah
At the beginning of a series of workshops, educational to cultural guides, the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque organized a workshop for staff of the center by Dr. Murad Rammah, Ph.D. in Archaeology, and the Governor of the city of Kairouan in Tunisia, and the presence of Dr. Ali bin Tamim, which dealt with a lot of aspects we will look to talk about them, and in the beginning of the workshop Mr. / Talal Mazrui, "Director of Events and Activities" spoke on the role of cultural guide and its importance, where it plays a significant role in communication between us and the other and is the bridge that links us to the other. And that the cultural guide provides a positive image of his country and the place he represents , and has a major role in the introduction of the other to our culture based on tolerance and love.
He said we are here today to take stock on the aesthetics of Islamic architecture and the importance examined, and ask many questions of where it started in Islamic architecture and the factors that influenced them and their development. What are the most important components of Islamic mosques? And what are the similarities and differences between the mosques?
Dr. Murad began speaking on the cultural role of a tour guide as it is the mouthpiece of the Arab Islamic civilization and must have had affiliation and a sense of Arabic patriotism, as must have the spirit of objectivity and neutrality, but will serve as a negative reflection on the other, because the message of the tour guide and the information provided must be distinct and be sure of the information provided.
He then spears to talk to the status of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque and its modern role between the countries and the importance of its presence in the UAE in terms of location and area, where he talked about many aspects of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, it was stated to be a modern, religious and cultural landmark. And spoke of the personality of the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan, and his insight and vision in the construction of the mosque and its impact on the concept of Arab-Islamic culture and civilization and the mixture between the various civilizations.
The ideological aspect is the most important, that characterizes the mosques, where it is to collect all faiths and Muslims to pray in one place and all groups of all ages with different nationalities and colors.
As the architect in terms of domes and minarets and Islamic architecture and civilization, its development, and the sanctuary and the implications and significance in Islamic architecture, where touched in his speech. Also he spoke about the cylinders that cover the worshipers from the Imam, where the relationship between the Creator and the created without the role of any intermediaries, and that the relationship is simple between the Imam and worshipers because the cylinders hide the relationship between prayers and the imam.
Turning to talk about the sanctuary where it did not exist in the days of Prophet. And the Imam being inside it so that he disappears from the view of the congregation, and that this is reflected in the current architecture.
In addition to using Islamic fonts and motifs and Koranic verses written on the walls of the mosque and Islamic calligraphy has an essential role in the geometric decoration that has spread in the second century of migration,-Hijra, where the pipeline is leafy and decorated became primarily in Islamic monuments among the most famous calligraphy arts that were used like Al-Naskh and Al-Rogaa and Koufi.
Dome of the house of prayer are symbols of civilization and Islam as it is affected by the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, as marked by the dome is Persian decoration, and the house of prayer relied on the circular dome at the top and square base, which is known for its Moroccan art.
And the most that characterizes the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque are the domes, where it has a group of very domes distinguished in an artistic method. As in the top dome and then middle and then in the small in a very consistent work to form in the surroundings a triangle, where most of the mosques are characterized by two dome but the mosque here applied a set of domes.
Lighthouses/Minarets began to appear under the influence of Christian churches such as the Islamic mihrab-sanctuary, where the Islamic civilization was affected by a lot of other civilizations and the city of Kairouan is considered one of the greatest museums of the Romanian and Byzantine crowns taken from the old wars.
The minarets forms settled on the cylindrical shape as it was known by the Fatimid state, where it grew up in Kairouan and the mosques were limited to one minaret one in the Ayyubid, and there are many forms of minarets including cylindrical, square shape and is characterized by abundant numbers, as well as influence of civilization of the South East Asia which is famous as the polygon in the Mughal era and Andalusian and India such as Taj Mahal, its decorations.
There was an intervention by Dr. Ali bin Tamim, where he began his speech on the role and status of Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque where he considered that a summary of what had reached him of Islamic architecture to be considered a mix of cultures as it emphasizes the dimension of the holistic and the perception of the right of Islamic civilization and Islamic architecture, is also addressed to talk about the big challenges we face in terms that Islam did not grow without the development of Islamic civilization, and the cultural tour guide has a larger role in the definition of Islamic civilization and Architectural culture and Islamic Architecture, giving details of a real, honest and reliable information about the place he represents, and to feel belonging and identity inherent to Islam and Islamic culture.
He also spoke rapidly and in several points about the most important factors, similarities and differences between the Islamic mosques and the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, and the importance of using the Islamic fonts in decoration of the mosque, and the importance of Islamic civilization and its impact in terms of domes and minarets, the mihrab and the geometric decorations and many others, which is differentiates the mosque than a lot of other mosques.
At the end of his progress, Dr.Ali thanked Dr. Murad Rammah on this useful and comprehensive workshop, which was taken up all that distinguishes the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque and its impact on Islamic civilization and that it mixes together the various Islamic civilizations and architecture of Islamic culture.